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This naval armament testing station is located near Kaspiysk, a city in Russia, 18 kilometerssoutheast of Makhachkala the capital of the Republic of Dagestan. It is located on the western shore of the Caspian Sea.

The station was commissioned in 1939, and is located 2.7 km away from the shore. It can be seen that it’s been out of use for a long time. Heavy waves from the Caspian sea have heavily damaged what is left of the structure. The watch tower of the station stands 42 m above sea level and, in stormy weather, foamy waves can easily reach its top.

The entire underwater part of the gigantic construction, called “Massive”, was built on the shore in the foundation pit with a capacity of 530,000 cubic meters. Sometimes they even dug by hand, but more often dredgers were used.

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On the bottom of the foundation pit a huge ferro-concrete “box” was built, measuring 14 meters high. Next, the plate separating the pit from the sea was destroyed and the surfaced “box” was dragged to the building site of the station. There, in 1935, the “box” was filled with water and placed on the specially site, which was made of quarry stone. Thereafter construction of the station was done in a usual way, with people and materials being delivered by ships.

1934 Soviet Topedo Loading station in Kaspiysk, Russia This naval armament testing station is located near Kaspiysk, a city in Russia, 18 kilometerssoutheast of…

Picture of the Day – July 27

True Story So I went to this wedding last night. We all got on this bus and headed out into the woods (oops Taiga).

Quotes from Famous Russians – Maxim Gorky

Счастье всегда выглядит маленьким, когда ты держишь его в руках, но отпусти его, и сразу узнаешь, как оно велико и драгоценно.

Quotes from Famous Russians – Maxim Gorky

Счастье всегда выглядит маленьким, когда ты держишь его в руках, но отпусти его, и сразу узнаешь, как оно велико и драгоценно.

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Deadly Russian Cocktail

In the far reaches of the Siberian north in a remote are of the Yamal peninsula an enormous sinkhole was discovered. The cause, a deadly Russian cocktail of sorts. Anna Kurchatova from Sub-Arctic Scientific Research Centre thinks the crater was formed by a water, salt and gas mixture igniting an underground explosion, the result of global warming. She postulates that gas accumulated in ice mixed with sand beneath the surface, and that this was mixed with salt, when combined can cause an explosion. Possible evidence of this can be seen in the perimeter of the sinkhole.

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Possible Serious Consequences

The Yamal peninsula is a very young place, some areas being only 10,000 years old. The Yamal Peninsula stretches some seven hundred kilometres into the Arctic Ocean from the Russian mainland below the Arctic Circle. Known to it’s indigenous inhabitants as ‘the end of the land‘. It’s here in the beautiful landscape that the sinkhole was found. During the course of my investigations I found that this type of event or similar events has occurred before. The very tundra that gets it’s stability from the permafrost has started to collapse. These occurrences have been emptying lakes of their water creating giant gulleys. What is most worrisome is the methane that is trapped underground is being released into the atmosphere with possible serious consequences.

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Anatoliy Hoodi who is a Nenet along with his family live near a lake in the region. Two years ago he and his family heard what sounded like a gas explosion and a deep rumble of what sounded like ground collapsing. When they went to the lake they found the level had dropped by several meters. Along with this they found hundreds of dead fish surrounding the lake. Could this be a similar event caused the huge chasm that was found. So what really causes these events in the first place?

The formation of a Pingo is explained by Parks Canada:

inset-whatWhen a pingo is growing, the ground stretches to accommodate its increasing surface area. The tundra splits apart in places, forming cracks – usually along the length of the pingo, especially near its summit – that may reach down as far as the ice core. If these cracks are large enough, the top of a pingo will resemble a crater. Sometimes water ponds in the crater, and this may begin to melt the ice core. More commonly, uplift of the sides of the pingo creates steep slopes that may become unstable and begin to erode. If the ice is exposed to the sun, the core will begin to melt. As its main support melts away, the pingo collapses. When the ice core has completely melted, all that remains is a doughnut-shaped ring of raised tundra enclosing a small round lake. In warmer regions, such as Ireland and the Netherlands, remnants of collapsed pingos have helped scientists determine that the climate was once cold enough in these areas to support a permafrost environment.

How Thermokarst Sinkholes Form

Thermokarst is known as the forming of a landscape due to melting of permafrost ground. It can be caused by human activity or nature itself. Agriculture, deforestation or the construction of buildings as well as natural erosion most commonly lead to thermokarst, since the insulating layer of vegetation is being removed. The size of the formed landscape is inevitably connected with the amount of ice beneath the surface.

Thermokarst is an indicator of a warming climate since rising temperatures cause the permafrost ground to thaw. Between 1954 and 2003 the annual average temperature in the arctic regions has risen about 1 °C.  The recorded average temperature in the wintertime show an increase of about 2 to 4 °C. The warmer the temperatures get the deeper the soil thaws and the active layer thickens. Thus the integrity of the soil is no longer guaranteed and can therefore lead to detachment slides on slopes.

Along with rising temperatures comes an increase of precipitation. The melting water of the thawing permafrost and the rainwater start pooling in small sinks or valleys. The presence of warmer water on the surface compared to the temperature of the underlying ground causes melting of the ice and the process of thermokarst begins. 

Small ponds and later larger lakes form out of the melting water on the surface as the water cannot drain away through the deeper frozen ground. Sometimes this accumulation of water takes place in caverns under the surface. Since the caverns are not stable the peril of collapse is immense. Once collapsed the everything on the surface is being absorbed by the water.

The landscape which remains after this process is characterized by chaoticly arranged sinkholes, tunnels, caverns and hummocks (small hills). This landscape is called thaw settlement or thermokarst terrain.

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Most Plausible Cause of Sinkhole

[snip] …  “the most likely cause put forward by scientists so far involves a buildup of an underground gas pocket that ignited. If it was formed through natural means, then that would point to a melting of permafrost or an enormous ice block, possibly caused by the recent warming of the Arctic region. However some suggest that it’s not coincidental that the area hosts one of the richest gas reservoirs in Russia, and possibly there was an ongoing buildup of underground gas until increasing pressure simply caused the ground to blow its top.”

So I will leave you with a short video that shares more about the sinkhole.

 

 

 

 

Sources:

Russian Cocktail causes Giant hole in Siberia – Sort of Deadly Russian Cocktail In the far reaches of the Siberian north in a remote are of the Yamal peninsula an enormous sinkhole was discovered.

Russian Fairy Tale - The Turnip

Russian Fairy Tale – The Turnip

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The Turnip

An old man planted a turnip. The turnip grew to be enormous. The old man started to pull the turnip out of the ground. He pulled and pulled, but couldn’t pull it out. So he called the old woman over.

The old woman took hold of the old man, the old man took hold of the turnip, they pulled and pulled, but couldn’t pull it out. So the old woman called the granddaughter over.

The…

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An Interesting comparision - Obama vs Putin

An Interesting comparision – Obama vs Putin

I must admit I found this clip amusing. The comparisons are stark to say the least. I thought it would be fun to try to do a unbiased commentary on it (as much as possible).

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The first pictures of both Putin and Obama are priceless. Here’s Putin giving what I call the typical Russian look, no smile. Obama is…

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Does this question ever post up in your mind? Have you ever doubted that what you were saying meant anything to anybody? Does your blog live because of the number of likes you get? Does it ever feel like an addiction? An addiction that is fed by stats and followers? I have! But something has been quietly happening that is very interesting. The less I’ve thought about these things and started to wonder if any of it mattered thing began to change. Why continue if it’s not making a difference?

Then it hit me, I had my “Aha” moment. My blog isn’t about me, it’s not about what I’ve done, but what others have done. If I really want to give something then I really needed to hear what others were saying. What their needs were. What is that each of these very unique people want to share with the world? Who are they really! Is anybody listening to their story? I started looking at the faces of those I shared about and what did their expressions told me. “Hey” I’m here. Do you see me?

Then I think…………when was the last time I stopped and had a real good conversation with somebody? My experience in the hospital showed me the reality of my world. I watched how a Tatarian woman cared for her husband, how my wife took care of me, and I was truly thankful for family. As I see it we are all one big family……..when are we going to start listening to one another……..not chasing the all elusive dollar……….understanding the value of things other then what is temporal. And I paused.

The only way I was ever going to influence others, is I first listen to them, maybe they can influence me. What if I try to understand their needs. So I will leave you with a wonderful little video. Hey it might just change your life, like it did mine.

So why do I really blog? Does this question ever post up in your mind? Have you ever doubted that what you were saying meant anything to anybody?

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Does this question ever post up in your mind? Have you ever doubted that what you were saying meant anything to anybody? Does your blog live because of the number of likes you get? Does it ever feel like an addiction? An addiction that is fed by stats and followers? I have! But something has been quietly happening that is very interesting. The less I’ve thought about these things and started to wonder if any of it mattered thing began to change. Why continue if it’s not making a difference?

Then it hit me, I had my “Aha” moment. My blog isn’t about me, it’s not about what I’ve done, but what others have done. If I really want to contribute something then I really needed to hear what others were saying. What their needs were. What is that each of these very unique people want to share with the world? Who are they really! Is anybody listening to their story? I started looking at the faces of those I shared about and what did their expressions told me. “Hey” I’m here. Do you see me?

Then I think…………when was the last time I stopped and had a real good conversation with somebody? My experience in the hospital showed me the reality of my world. I watched how a Tatarian woman cared for her husband, how my wife took care of me, and I was truly thankful for family. As I see it we are all one big family……..when are we going to start listening to one another……..not chasing the all elusive dollar……….understanding the value of things other then what is temporal. And I paused.

The only way I was ever going to influence others, is I first listen to them, maybe they can influence me. What if I try to understand their needs. So I will leave you with a wonderful little video. Hey it might just change your life, like it did mine.

So why do I really blog? Does this question ever post up in your mind? Have you ever doubted that what you were saying meant anything to anybody?

"Life in Russia" meets "A Place in the World"

“Life in Russia” meets “A Place in the World”

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Cinda from “A Place in the World” invited me to post another article on here blog. I’ve really enjoyed the friendship her and I have developed through each others blogs. I hope you will visit her blog and get a glimpse of what she is doing.

Originally posted on A Place in the World:

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Pursuing the Purple Magic Liquor

In my last post I finished with “pursuing a dream is very…

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"St. Petersburg" A city of amazing contrasts

“St. Petersburg” A city of amazing contrasts

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I’ve got to admit when we first arrived in St. Petersburg I thought was nothing but a dirty old city, not a very good first impression. But as time went along it began to grow on me, St. Petersburg has become a destination and center of culture for younger Russians. I found out that there are 221 museums, 2,000 libraries, more than 80 theaters, 100 concert organizations, 45 galleries, 62 cinemas…

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Changing of the Guard - Red Square

Changing of the Guard – Red Square

IMG_7824Saint Germogen’s Statue

Standing near the Eternal Flame of the tomb of the unknown soldier is Saint Germogen who was the Patriarch of Moscow and all the Rus’ during the Time of Troubles. As in times past his statue stands guard along with honor guard of the Kremlin Regiment. We just happened to be present when the changing of the guard occurred. The guards who once guarded the Lenin Mausoleum ,…

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I really didn’t want to have a whole lot of words, I think the pictures speak for themselves. Let me know what you think.

A few night shots of St. Petersburg I really didn’t want to have a whole lot of words, I think the pictures speak for themselves.

Mirror Reflections - Togo & Russia

Mirror Reflections – Togo & Russia

When I started this particular post I had the thought it would be interesting to talk about the open markets of different countries. But that changed! It’s more about everyday life, the headaches, pains, sufferings, and everything else. It’s about one man’s family journey in Africa and another gal’s fascinating story about being in Russia and the reasons behind it. As Mark puts it in his blog…

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Cost of the average Russian vacation

Cost of the average Russian vacation

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Welcome to Moscow

So I decided to see what the average family of 4 spent while traveling on vacation in the states. I must admit I was a bit shocked when I saw the numbers, but then it’s been a while since I’ve experienced traveling in the states. I visited tripadvisor to see what people were planning when they went on a trip within the states. Remember they were planning for a 7 – 10 day visit…

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A little taste of vacation in “St. Petersburg”

So I’m back and ready to invite you to have a look at some of the wonderful places we visited for the last three weeks.